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Sarkar, Benoy Kumar (1887–1949)

Vineeta Sinha

Subject Religion
Sociology » Demography and Population Studies, Sociology of Religion

Place Southern Asia » India

Period 1000 - 1999 » 1800-1899

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405124331.2007.x


Benoy Kumar Sarkar was born in the district of Malda in the then Indian part of Bengal. At the young age of 13, he distinguished himself by coming top of the entrance exam for Calcutta University. He was educated at the Presidency College in Calcutta, where in 1905 he topped the undergraduate cohort with a double honors degree in history and English, and completed a master's degree in 1906. Apart from his solid academic credentials, he was a prominent public figure and well regarded in Bengali academic and intellectual circles. Sarkar was committed to nationalist, socialist, and social service agendas, embedded in the patriotic stance of securing for India political freedom from British colonial rule. To this end, Sarkar was active in both the Swadeshi (self-rule) and the National Education movements in Bengal. The years 1914 to 1925 saw Sarkar spending a considerable period of time outside India. He visited Egypt, England, Scotland, Ireland, the United States, Japan, China, Korea, Germany, Austria, and Italy. In these countries he was based in universities and research institutes and lectured to academics and other communities of intellectuals. He spent a significant period of time in Germany and Italy and was able to acquire linguistic competence in several European languages, such as French, German, and Italian, in addition to already having mastered English, Bengali, and Hindi, ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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