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Health and Sport

IVAN WADDINGTON and ANDY SMITH


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There is widespread acceptance of the idea that sport is good for health. The ideology linking sport and health has a long history, and the promotion and maintenance of the health of schoolchildren has long been an area of concern to physical educators in many countries. Since the mid-1960s or so, however, “the frequency and force with which citizens are urged to take part in physical activity and exercise in order to improve their health and reduce morbidity and mortality rates has increased at an exponential rate” ( Malcolm, 2014 : 51). The links between physical activity and good health have been endorsed in many official health publications in Britain and North America. In Britain, the Department of Health, Physical Activity, Health Improvement and Protection (2011: 9) suggested: “Increasing physical activity has the potential to improve the physical and mental health of the nation, reduce all-cause mortality and improve life expectancy. It can also save money by significantly easing the burden of chronic disease on the health and social care services.” In the United States, the Surgeon General's landmark report Physical Activity and Health argued: “significant health benefits can be obtained by including a moderate amount of physical activity on most, if not all, days of the week” (US Department of Health and Human Services, 1996: 10). More recently, the American College ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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