Full Text

Collective Efficacy and Crime

Ruth Triplett


Extract

As described by Sampson et al. in 1997, collective efficacy describes a neighborhood-level process that is important to understanding variation in crime rates across neighborhoods. Collective efficacy involves both the willingness of individuals in a neighborhood to work together toward a common goal, such as crime control, and mutual trust. Since the discussion of collective efficacy in the initial publication in 1997, collective efficacy has been an important new addition to criminology's understanding of the causes of crime across neighborhoods. Interest in neighborhoods and crime comes from the long recognized fact that there is substantial variation in crime rates across cities and neighborhoods within cities. Explaining this fact was key to the work of early theorists in the Chicago School, in particular Shaw and McKay. Examining crime rates in the city of Chicago, Shaw and McKay found two facts: crime rates vary substantially across areas of the city, and over time crime rates remain stable in areas. Building on the work of Park and Burgess, Shaw and McKay argued that social disorganization is the cause of the variation in neighborhood crime rates. Though not clearly defined by Shaw and McKay, social disorganization was defined by later theorists as revolving around the inability of individuals in a neighborhood to agree upon and work toward a common goal. Social disorganization ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:

 

     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.


[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top